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Assignment # 3:

Raising Organizational Awareness

HMGT 372 7981

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Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

Topic
The topic of this paper is the Mandated Reporting of Child Abuse and Neglect which has

been ordered by federal and state legislative departments in efforts of preventing, investigating

and treating any suspicious incidents of child maltreatment. Mandated Reporters (MRs) of

suspected child abuse include teachers, law enforcement officials, child care providers, dentists,

clergy and personnel of medical institutions. In 2013, MRs in Maryland reported over 13,000

cases of suspected child abuse with 38.2% of those cases resulting in post response services

requiring foster placement and in/out home monitoringi.
Purpose

In a letter from the Associate Commissioner of the United States Health and Human

Resources, the national rate of child maltreatment has declined in the five years reporting period

of 2009 to 2013. This decline represents an “estimated 23,000 fewer victims in 2013 (679,000)

compared with 2009 (702,000)” (ACF, 2015). When the proper programs and systems are

engaged, the majority of maltreatment cases in children can be preventable or limited therefore,

the purpose of this paper is to raise awareness of Mandatory Reporting to all personnel involved

in the operational functions of a Maryland hospital’s emergency room department. This briefing

is to be addressed to any and all professional representatives of any Maryland medical

institutions emergency room department to include: administrative personnel, security officials,

housekeeping aids, laboratory technicians, nurses and physicians. The briefing will detail the

legal responsibility required of all affected personnel to report any suspicion, knowledge or

evidence obtained regarding child abuse and/or neglect. In addition to the legal responsibility,

this briefing will address the consequences associated with a MRs refusal or neglect to file an

official report of instances of child abuse or suspicion thereof.
Discussion

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Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) 2010 is a federal law that was

enacted for the purpose of providing state funding through grants in support of the assessing,

investigating, prosecuting and preventing of child abuse and neglect. According to the 42 U.S

Code Chapter 37, congressional findings, “(D) recognizes the need for properly trained staff with

the qualifications needed, to carry out their child protection duties; (7) the failure to coordinate

and comprehensively prevent and treat child abuse and neglect threatens the futures of thousands

of children; (8) all elements of American society have a shared responsibility in responding to

child abuse and neglect” (§5101, pg. 11). These findings among many others is accomplished by

the oversight of the federally appointed, Office on Child Abuse and Neglect. Some functions of

the Office of Child Abuse and Neglect are to evaluate, assist and monitor the states regulations

regarding maltreatment reporting.
Since the degree of regulation varies by states this briefing will only focus on the

regulations required for mandatory reporting in reference to the State of Maryland. In Maryland,

the child abuse and neglect law also known as, Family Law Article, requires that all

professionals, including health practitioners, who have reasonable suspicion or knowledge of to

abuse and/or neglect of a child must make an oral report to the local Department of Social

Services. Furthermore, if the professional believes the child is in impending danger, the report

should be made to the local law enforcement agency, as well as to the local Health and Human

Service Department. (§5-704, §5‐705). Under Maryland FLA, if the professional or health

practitioner is an employee of a hospital, their immediate responsibility as an employee of an

institution to report the alleged incident to the head of the institution and follow all policies as set

forth by the employing institution.
In efforts of obtaining and maintain accreditations from the Joint Commission, it is

imperative that the professional follow the institutional policy for the hospital in which the

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Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

professional is employed. The Joint Commission grants accreditation to those institutions that are

in compliance with the state regulations regarding mandatory reporting, among other regulations.

It is for this reason that the institutions policy must be adhered to for all occurrences of

mandatory reporting. Under institutional policy, any effected personnel must immediately report

to the head of the institution or an appointed designee with all relevant information needed to file

a formal complaint of abuse. The proper information required to file a complaint include any of

the following:

 Name, age, and home address of the child;
 Name and home address of the parent or party responsible for the child’s care;
 Whereabouts of the child;
 Nature and extent of the abuse or neglect of the child
 Evidence or information available to the reporter concerning possible previous

Instances of abuse or neglect and;
 Evidence or information that would help to determine the cause of the suspected

abuse or neglect
 Identity of any individual responsible for the abuse or neglect.
 Observable, identifiable and substantial impairment of a child’s mental or

psychological ability to function.
 Any relevant information known to the reporter that may aid in the investigation

of the report. ii

Once the oral report is received containing any or all of the information listed above, the

child’s medical records will be updated to include a notation of the report, a formal complaint

will be filed with the local health and human services department and law enforcement on behalf

of the reporter by the head of the institution or designee. Once a formal complaint is made to the

proper authorities by an assigned representative of the institution, the MRs remains responsible

for additional reporting. The MRs are required to also call the idss hotline for your residing

county to file an oral report. For a list of local reporting phone numbers for you county visit:

http://www.dhr.state.md.us/blog/?page_id=4631.

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Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

All reports are confidential and the name of the reporter is kept confidential from all

records of investigation. In the event that court testimony may be required, a reporter may be

subpoenaed under court order to testify; at which time the identity of the reporter will be known.
Due to the risk of further injury to the child or in efforts of preserving life the details regarding

the report are to be kept to as needed basis and privacy and confidentiality requirements must be

held to the highest standards.
Failure to report concerns of child abuse and neglect in the state of Maryland are not

punishable under civil or criminal charges. However, under federal regulation, the neglect,

falsification or interference of a report is criminally punishable as a misdemeanor not to exceed

five years of imprisonment and/or a fine not to exceed $10,000. In addition to the criminal

charges, a formal complaint will be filed with the state licensure board and licensed health

professionals can expect to have their practicing license suspended or revoked.
Conclusion

In summary, it is the primary responsibility of any member of the Maryland hospitals

employed emergency room operation to disclose and report any knowledge or suspicion of child

abuse in accordance with the institutions policy, federal and state regulations. Failure to report

accordingly has imposable consequences. For additional information regarding Mandated

Reporting please visit: http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/capta2010

References
Administration for Children and Families (ACF). (2007). National Survey of Child and

Adolescent WellBeing, No. 3: Children’s cognitive and socioemotional development and
their receipt of special educational and mental health services. Washington D.C.: U.S.
Department of Health and Human Services. Retrieved from
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/opre/resource/national-survey-ofchild-and-adolescent-
well-being-nscaw-no-3-childrens

Administration for Children and Families, U.S. Department of Health and Human Services
(ACF). (2015). Child Maltreatment 2013. Washington, D.C. Retrieved from
http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/research-data-technology/statistics-
research/childmaltreatment

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Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

CAPTA, The CAPTA Reauthorization Act of 2010, Public Law 111–320, (42 U.S.C. 5106a),
retrieved from http://www.acf.hhs.gov/programs/cb/resource/capta2010

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i Maryland state statistics found on page 102, table 6-2 of 24th edition of the annual Child Maltreatment 2013.
Report is based on federal fiscal year 2013 data submitted by 50 states, the District of Columbia, and the
Commonwealth of Puerto Rico and collected via the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System (NCANDS).

ii Maryland Family Law Article Section 5-704(c)

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Course Objectives for Assignment:

· Recommend structures and processes to manage compliance and to address ethical concerns in health care organizations.
· Promote informed decision-making by communicating emerging ethical and legal health care trends to stakeholders.

For this assignment, students are required to Write a Paper- Part 1 and Create a Video Report- Part 2 (a separate dropbox below) on an interview with a healthcare professional.

Select a topic from the list below [must be a different topic from the one you chose for Assignment #l] or clear a topic with the Instructor beforehand.
The purpose of this assignment is to raise the awareness of a specific employee’s role in a specific health care setting regarding a potentially critical aspect of his/her responsibilities. Target the right issue, the correct employee.  In other words, the employee should be either a head nurse or senior administrator. Thus, your discussion should be as you are interviewing specific employees on their specific responsibilities and the specific consequences of failing in those responsibilities.
· Students should use the Interview Script and Interview Questions for the interview presentation i.e. make sure you ask the interviewee all the questions on this sheet. See attachment.
For example, The False Credentials paper issue would be for HR offices while the Critical Event might be for operating room technicians. Patient Treatment Consent might be a good paper for a Palliative Care Organization or an Oncology Clinic discharge planning staff. The paper must discuss accurate information for the setting with full consideration of the relevant state and federal laws with citations that are accessible by the instructor. The paper can ask questions and use graphics to deliver certain points of information but the graphics must be an addendum to the paper and not in the body of the paper. The paper should include in its conclusion “For more information about this issue…” and include a reference or references to sources allowing to expand on the matter further (2-3).

TOPICS

· Elder Abuse Mandatory Reporting
· Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting
· False credentials of health care personnel
· Medical Malpractice
· Professional Liability (Healthcare Professionals)

WRITE THE PAPER-Part 1.

Must use the headings from the outline below in your paper and the paper must be in a narrative form not outline or bullet format. A penalty will be deducted from the paper if underlined headings are not used in your paper. 
 1. Purpose of Paper, the topic chosen, applicable Federal and/or state laws

State the purpose of the paper and discuss why you chose the particular topic, and provide the official title of the applicable federal and/or state law, the statute, and section number.  Must be either a federal/state statute and you must cite both, if applicable. Thus if there is both a federal and state law that covers the subject you selected, then you must cite both the applicable federal and state law. Summarize in this paragraph the relevant language from the law that applies to your issue.  If there is a relevant health care organizational policy that you can find, then please add that also. Do not assume that there is just a federal and or state law. In most cases, there are both federal and state laws. You must use the laws cited in this section throughout the rest of the paper.
2. The specifically targeted employee group and specific health services setting

Pick a specific health care setting and specific employee (relevant to the topic) within the health care setting and then discuss, in detail, why you picked the specific employee and the specific health care setting.  Examples of health care settings are the ER, the OR, nursing facilities, etc. Specific employee groups may include doctors-managers, nurses-administrators, program administrators, etc. Please be mindful to tailor your assignment to a specific employee and specific health care setting. Do not discuss your topic in general terms. 
· The information gathered from the interview with a healthcare employee should be incorporated into the written paper in a paraphrased or quoted format (no more than 25% of the text for all citations in total for this assignment only). It means that interview transcripts or recall are not the correct approaches to assignment development. Using the interviewer’s comments as experiential evidence when applicable is. Make sure to cite and refer those in your document.
3. Discussion of Three Critical Aspects of Employee’s responsibilities 
You are trying to improve the quality of care in your health care organization. Thus, in this discussion area, you are using the information you gathered from interviewing a specific employee about their specific responsibilities and the specific consequences of failing in those three responsibilities. You must discuss at least three (3) specific employee critical responsibilities. You must also specifically relate the applicable federal and/or state law as to the specific consequences [you may also add relevant hospital policies as well if found] for failing in each of those responsibilities and provide citations to support the consequences. Be sure and include in the discussion the relevant law and hospital policies. Describe how each of them is relevant to the employees’ critical responsibilities. The outline below is to help you organize your thoughts but you must use a narrative format to discuss each area.  Be sure and use the headings below. (In this section the information from the interview must be presented in processed format. Do not provide transcripts or recall of the interview. Provide the analysis and assessment with the conclusions you made and supported by the quotes/paraphrased information from the interview. Make sure to cite and refer appropriately.)  

a)     Discussion of Employee Specific Critical Responsibility 1

1. Discussion of specific consequence(s)  for failing in this responsibility
2. Discussion of a specific statutory requirement
3. A specific real-life legal case illustrating the consequences for violating the specific responsibility.

b)     Discussion of Employee Specific Critical Responsibility 2

1. Discussion of specific consequence(s)  for failing in this responsibility
2. Discussion of a specific statutory requirement
3. A specific real-life legal case illustrating the consequences for violating the specific responsibility.

c)     Discussion of Employee Specific Critical Responsibility 3

1. Discussion of specific consequence(s)  for failing in this responsibility
2. Discussion of a specific statutory requirement
3. A specific real-life legal case illustrating the consequences for violating the specific responsibility.
4. Conclusion – Provide a summary of employees’ critical responsibilities, consequences and the impact failing in those critical responsibilities may have on the quality of health care. Also, add a statement “For more information about this issue…” and include a reference or references for further information on the issue you discussed (2-3).
5. References

End of headings
 The paper must be:
· Be sure and use the headings found in the outline in your paper. The paper must be in a narrative format, not an outline or bullets. 
· Include a cover page [not counted as a page] which should have the student name and title of your paper [Provide a short name for the legal responsibility the specific health care organization has for one type of patient right in a specific setting ] 
· A the end of the paper a list of references in APA Format [not counted as a page]    
· Be prepared using word-processing software and saved with a .doc, .docx, or .rtf extension. No pdf.
· Must cite the source for all your facts in the text of your paper in APA format.
Example of an in-text citation:
(Ernst, & Young, 2000 p14).
Example of the source cited on a Reference page in APA format:

References

Healthcare Financial Management Association (U.S.), Ernst, & Young. (2000). Health care system reform: A provider perspective: survey results. Westchester, Ill.: Healthcare Financial Management Association.

Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting

Ifeyinwa Egwuatu

HMGT 372 6381

September 28, 2020

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

Child Abuse Mandatory Reporting – Purpose of Paper, Federal/State Laws

Healthcare workers provide quality care to everyone, ranging from elders to infants,

special needs to disabled, and from most healthy to chronically ill patients. A factor that impacts

care is child abuse. According to the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA), child

abuse and neglect is defined as “any recent act or failure to act on the part of a parent or

caregiver that results in death, serious physical or emotional harm, sexual abuse, or exploitation,

or an act or failure to act that presents an imminent risk of serious harm (U.S. Department of

Health & Human Services, 2015). As parents, legal guardians, and healthcare providers, there is

an immense amount of responsibility to report child abuse.

The purpose of this paper is to raise awareness the responsibilities of reporting child

abuse to a nurse supervisor. I chose this topic because I have worked closely with children in

different job settings such as working at Chuck E. Cheese’s where the population is primarily

children and at a pediatrics facility, shadowing a pediatrician. Mandatory reporting laws differ

for each state when it comes to child abuse – which includes physical abuse, sexual abuse, and

emotional abuse (FindLaw, 2019). The Maryland Family Law Code S 5-704 states that health

practioners, educators, workers acting in a professional capacity in this State shall immediately

notify and give all information required to the head of the institution. The federal law is 42

U.S.C.A. S 5106g which sets the minimum standards for defining child abuse and neglect for

those states that accept federal funding. Additionally, health care professionals are mandated to

report to Child Protective Services (CPS) (Maryland Department of Health, n.d.).

Employee and Health Services Setting

The health care setting I chose was the nurse’s office in a school building. A school

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

building is a general setting where there are children everywhere, with the exception of staff and

faculty. School personnel are often the first to become aware that a child may be a victim of

maltreatment and is struggling because of adverse events occurring in his or her life (National

Association of School Nurses, 2014).

The name of the employee I picked is Gladys Ebele Egwuatu. Egwuatu has over 20 years

of experience from starting as a Registered Nurse at NIH and Walter Reed, then transitioning as a

school at Doswell Brooks Elementary School. After obtaining her Master’s degree in Nursing,

she was promoted to nurse manager of PGCPS, overseeing 32 schools, along with another job

working as a hospital nurse supervisor at the United Medical Center.

Discussion of Three Critical Aspects of Employee’s responsibilities

As noted previously, there is an immense amount of responsibilities that health care

providers must uphold. Egwuatu says that “Interviewing the child is extremely important; even if

the child is a minor with their parent present, I would still ask the parent to step outside the room,

so I may begin to interview the patient, while also paying attention to body language, breathing,

everything” She continues to say that “a thorough body surface exam will need to be conducted,

meaning the child removes their clothes and we reports every wound, cigarette butt burn, cuts,

scars that leads to suspicion of child abuse”. The USA’s National Institute of Child Health and

Human Development allow law enforcements and health practioners to get quality information

from a child victim/witness (Public Health Foundation of Georgia, n.d.). According to MD Fam

L Code S 5-704, a written report of the child that has been subject to abuse followed by an

interview and examination must be conducted. While there is no state or federal law against

forgetting to conduct an interview, Egwuatu mentions that

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

“you want to be on top of situations like that because if the child goes to get examined

elsewhere for whatever reason and there are signs of abuse on his or her body without

corresponding reports and interviews in their files, the last care unit the child was seen

will be flagged.”

In 2012, a Wisconsin elementary school did not interview and allegedly ignored a teacher

abusing and terrorizing disabled children (Buchmeier, 2012). When the allegations against

teacher Mary Berglund came to light, Janet Berry Elementary School principal Richard Waters,

whose office sat across the hall from Berglund’s classroom, did not report Berglund to the state

or conduct an interview with the victims, according to the complaint. Berglund’s abuse allegedly

went on for years since the children could not share their experiences and because school staff

members either ignored or were ignorant of the allegations. three other educational assistants, a

custodian and a speech pathologist, could have reported Berglund over the years, but they instead

stood idly by. Berglund, 54, pleaded guilty in December 2011 to five counts of battery and one

count of child abuse (Buchmeier, 2012).

Egwuatu pointed out another critical responsibility and that is to “make sure all reports

are true and 100 percent accurate, because submitting a false report is illegal by law”. The state

of Maryland has not addressed the issue of falsifying reports in the statutes, however, in most

states, the alleged person will be referred to the office of the Chief State’s Attorney, shall be fined

of not more than $2,000 or imprisoned for not more than a year, or both (Child Welfare, n.d.). In

May of 2019, a Lakeland police officer, William Long, had been accused of making a false

report of child abuse with the Department of Children and Families (DCF), saying his son had

scratches on his back and a puncture wound in his hand (Leone, 2019). A DCF investigator went

to the babysitter’s house for questioning and determined there was no evidence of child abuse.

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

The investigator called and meet with Long who allegedly changed his story, saying he had no

concerns of child ware while his son was under his babysitter’s watch. Long is now on paid

administrative leave and faces a third-degree felony charge of making a false report of child

abuse (Leone, 2019).

A person doesn’t need to be in a warzone in order to feel trauma. Being a victim of child

abuse and neglect can trigger trauma, but health care workers can do their part to assist and aid

victims. Providing support after the report is another important, critical responsibility. “Children

are very fragile”, says Egwuatu.

“Going through any kind of abuse or negligence is very traumatic. Building trust will be

difficult, they won’t be completely comfortable with people, and most develop

psychiatric disorders or having to rely on medication because they replay what they’ve

been through and get anxious or can’t sleep, or display outbursts of anger and rage”

Children need support from their family members, friends, teachers, etc. in order to prevent long

term issues from occurring. Damaging consequences of abuse can not only reshape a child’s

brain but also last a lifetime (Schulte, 2013). It takes time to heal, but providers and professionals

must be willing to be emotionally present to aid children in efforts to avoid any psychological

disorders that come with this level of trauma.

While there isn’t a new story of the consequences of not supporting child abuse victims, there are

health care professionals and teams of at hospitals, clinic and other care facilities where their

jobs are primarily to help victims so they don’t have long term effects of negligence and child

abuse. Penn State Children’s Hospital has teams dedicated to child physical abuse and child

sexual abuse (Woodall, 2020). This is one of several hospitals and facilities. Children should feel

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

safe and comfortable knowing that there are professionals specialized in helping them in their

traumatic state.

Conclusion

Child abuse has a long-lasting effect on victims, their family, and others surrounding.

Health care workers need to be very mindful when working with children and that being vigilant

is key. It is important to follow critical responsibilities of child abuse mandatory reporting such

as interviewing children that suspected to be a victim of child abuse, report it to the Child

Protection Services immediately, and be a support to the victim. Failing to maintaining the

responsibilities will have a negative impact on the quality of health care. Consequences of not

following these responsibilities will result in several children suffering through abuse, whether

it’s sexual, drug, physical, or neglect. Every suspicious report that is made is indirectly saving a

life. For more information about this issue, visit the U.S. Department of Health & Human

Services website at hhs.gov, section Programs for Families and Children.

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

References

Buchmeier, L. (2012, February 9). School Allegedly Ignored Special-Ed Abuse. Court House

News Service. https://www.courthousenews.com/school-allegedly-ignored-special-ed-

abuse/

Child Welfare. (n.d.). Penalties for Failure to Report and False Reporting of Child Abuse and

Neglect. Retrieved September 25, 2020, from

https://www.childwelfare.gov/pubPDFs/report.pdf#page=3&view=Penalties%20for

%20false%20reporting

FindLaw. (2019, February 4). Mandatory Reporting Laws: Child Abuse and Neglect.

Criminal.Findlaw. https://criminal.findlaw.com/criminal-charges/mandatory-reporting-

laws-child-abuse-and-neglect.html

Leone, A. (2019, September 21). Lakeland Police Officer Charged With Making False Report of

Child Abuse. Bay News 9.

https://www.baynews9.com/fl/tampa/crime/2019/09/21/lakeland-police-officer-charged-

with-making-false-report-of-child-abuse

Maryland Department of Health. (n.d.). Reporting Requirements. Retrieved September 25, 2020,

from https://phpa.health.maryland.gov/mch/Pages/IPV_Reporting.aspx

National Association of School Nurses. (2014, January 1). Care of Victims of Child

Maltreatment: The School Nurse’s Role. Nasn.Org.

https://files.eric.ed.gov/fulltext/ED558441.pdf

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CHILD ABUSE MANDATORY REPORTING

Public Health Foundation of Georgia. (n.d.). Interviewing a child witness or victim: how to get

an accurate testimony without further traumatising the child. Retrieved September 25,

2020, from http://phf.org.ge/en/resources/interviewing-a-child-victim-or-witness/

Schulte, B. (2013, September 12). Effects of child abuse and neglect, if untreated, can last a

lifetime, study finds. Washington Post. https://www.washingtonpost.com/gdpr-consent/?

next_url=https%3a%2f%2fwww.washingtonpost.com%2flocal%2fnew-report-finds-that-

untreated-the-effects-of-child-abuse-and-neglect-can-last-a-lifetime

%2f2013%2f09%2f12%2f1edc0bdc-1bc7-11e3-82ef-a059e54c49d0_story.html

U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. (2015, August 21). What is child abuse or

neglect? What is the definition of child abuse. HHS.Gov.

https://www.hhs.gov/answers/programs-for-families-and-children/what-is-child-

abuse/index.html

Woodall, C. (2020, May 13). As hospitals see more severe child abuse injuries during

coronavirus, “the worst is yet to come.” USAToday.

https://eu.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2020/05/13/hospitals-seeing-more-severe-

child-abuse-injuries-during-coronavirus/3116395001/

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5/16/22, 4:27 PM Assignment #1: Management Tools for Health Care Organizations to Comply with Patient’s Legal Rights (12.5 points) – HMGT 37…

https://learn.umgc.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=1267716&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=686368 1/5

Assignment #1 Rubric Revised
Course: HMGT 372 6380 Legal and Ethical Issues in Health Care (2225)

C

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Outstanding 90-100% Superior 80-89% Good 70-79% Below Standard 60-69% Fai

P

r

o

p

e

r

T

it

l

e

s

f

o

r

L

a

w

s

&

L

e

g

al

O

b

li

g

a

ti

o

n

s

30 points

Relevant federal and state statutes

are all current and properly titled.

The research represents a

thorough canvass of the law and

secondary sources. Demonstrated

high degree of logic and reasoning

when discussing the law and

connecting to main points

regarding two (2) legal obligations.

26.7 points

Provided the proper title, statute

and section number of applicable

federal and state laws. And,

provided a comprehensive

discussion of two (2) specific legal

obligations from the federal and

state laws.

23.7 points

Provided the proper title, statute

and section number of applicable

federal law but not state law or vice

versa. Provided a limited discussion

of two (2) specific legal obligations

from federal and state law.

20.7 points

Provided the title but not the

proper statute and section number

of applicable federal and state laws.

Did not provide either the federal

or state law. Provided an

inadequate discussion of two (2)

specific legal obligations or only

discussed one legal obligation from

federal or state law.

10

Stu

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ele

att

to

5/16/22, 4:27 PM Assignment #1: Management Tools for Health Care Organizations to Comply with Patient’s Legal Rights (12.5 points) – HMGT 37…

https://learn.umgc.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=1267716&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=686368 2/5

C

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t

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Outstanding 90-100% Superior 80-89% Good 70-79% Below Standard 60-69% Fai

L

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al

C

o

n

s

e

q

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R

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L

if

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s

25 points

Student provided extensive

original analysis of civil/criminal

consequences and legal

obligations. Goes substantially

beyond points raised in classroom

reading and discussions. Student

has identified two (2) real life cases

that are precedent, seminal, or not

previously discussed in the

Discussion Boards by the student,

other students or the Professor.

22.25 points

Provided a comprehensive

discussion of general civil and

criminal consequences from

either the federal and/or state

law. Listed two (2) specific legal

obligations from federal and/or

state laws and discussed two (2)

real life cases.

19.75 points

Provided a limited discussion of the

general civil and criminal

consequences under the federal

and/or state law, listed two (2) legal

obligations under the federal

and/or state law, and/or provided

few details of one (1) real life case.

17.25 points

Provided a limited discussion of the

civil and criminal consequences

from either federal and/or state law

and/or failed to list the two (2)

legal obligations and/or an in

adequate discussion of one (1)

specific consequence, from federal

and/or state law, for each legal

obligation and/or provided few

details of one (1)real life case.

8 p

Stu

ass

ele

att

to

5/16/22, 4:27 PM Assignment #1: Management Tools for Health Care Organizations to Comply with Patient’s Legal Rights (12.5 points) – HMGT 37…

https://learn.umgc.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=1267716&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=686368 3/5

C

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t

e

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a

Outstanding 90-100% Superior 80-89% Good 70-79% Below Standard 60-69% Fai

M

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a

g

e

m

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t

A

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C

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15 points

Student offers original

contributions to the discussion of

three (3) management actions.

Management actions discussed are

related to each other in interesting

and creative ways with reference

to research. Thought provoking or

interesting conclusion that ties

everything together and furthers

the thesis of the paper.

13.35 points

Student discussed in detail three

(3) specific management actions

that he/she would institute to

ensure patients’ rights protected.

Provided a comprehensive

summary of findings.

11.85 points

Discussed in detail only two (2)

specific management actions that

he/she would institute to ensure

patients’ rights protected. Provided

a limited summary of findings.

9 points

Described in detail only one (1) or

no specific management actions

that he/she would institute to

ensure patients’ rights were

protected. Failed to adequately

summarize findings.

2 p

Stu

ass

ele

att

to

5/16/22, 4:27 PM Assignment #1: Management Tools for Health Care Organizations to Comply with Patient’s Legal Rights (12.5 points) – HMGT 37…

https://learn.umgc.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=1267716&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=686368 4/5

Total / 100

C

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Outstanding 90-100% Superior 80-89% Good 70-79% Below Standard 60-69% Fai

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tr

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s

C

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y

;

g

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a

m

m

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A

P

A

15 points

Student demonstrated a full

understanding of requirements;

responded to each aspect of

assignment: correctly developed

required document format

13.35 points

Student demonstrated general

understanding of requirements;

missed one minor aspect of

assignment; the document format

is missing one element

11.85 points

Student demonstrated some

understanding of requirements;

missed a key element or two minor

aspects of assignment; the

document format is missing two or

more elements

9 points

Student failed to show a firm

understanding of requirements;

missed two key elements or several

minor aspects of assignment; the

document format is not complete

or partially incorrect

0 p

Stu

un

req

is n

15 points

Student’s writing

is clear and easy

to follow;

grammar and

spelling are all

correct;

formatting gives a

professional look

and adds to

readability, no

APA style errors

13.35 points

Most ideas are

presented

clearly;

occasional

spelling and/or

grammar issues

(no more than 3),

attempts in-text

citation and

reference list but

1 or 2 APA style

errors are

present

11.85 points

Wordy; some

points require

rereading to

understand fully;

more than 3

occasional

spelling and/or

grammar errors,

attempts in-text

citation and

reference list;

APA style errors

are present;

inconsistencies in

citation usage

can be found

throughout the

document

9 points

Unclear and

difficult to

understand;

frequent spelling

and grammar

issues (more than

6), attempts

either in-text

citation or

reference list but

omits the other

0 p

Ve

un

po

ter

me

str

5/16/22, 4:27 PM Assignment #1: Management Tools for Health Care Organizations to Comply with Patient’s Legal Rights (12.5 points) – HMGT 37…

https://learn.umgc.edu/d2l/lms/dropbox/user/folder_submit_files.d2l?db=1267716&grpid=0&isprv=0&bp=0&ou=686368 5/5

Overall Score

Outstanding
90 points minimum

Superior
80 points minimum

Good
70 points minimum

Below Standard
60 points minimum

Failure
0 points minimum




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